The Rules of Capitalization

 

The first word of every sentence and all proper nouns (words that refer to a particular person, place, organization, or thing) in English are capitalized.

In some instances, capitalization is also necessary for the colon after the first word in a quotation.

Phrase Structures

 

 

In English, there are four different sentence types: 

  • Simple
  • Compound
  • Complex
  • Complex/Compound

 

First, we need to examine clauses. In essence, there are two types of clauses:

  • Dependent
  • Independent.

 

The Independent Clause

 

An independent clause is made up of three parts:

  • A subject
  • A verb
  • A complete thought